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waste-free furniture

effects of burning HPL boards

Laminated HPL boards are manufactured from several different materials, such as cellulose, melamine, and phenol-formaldehyde resins. The combustion of these materials can lead to the release of various atmospheric pollutants, including:

  • Carbon dioxide: Approximately 900 to 1100 kg of CO2 per ton of laminated HPL boards. 
  • Nitrogen oxides: Approximately 1-3 kg of NOx per ton of laminated HPL boards. 
  • Volatile Organic Compounds: Approximately 0.1-1 kg of VOCs per ton of laminated HPL boards. 
  • Particulate Matter: Approximately 5-10 kg per ton of laminated HPL boards. 


Contemporary environmental challenges call for multifaceted actions, including reducing emissions of harmful compounds to the air.

  • Carbon dioxide: Burning all organic materials results in the emission of carbon dioxide, contributing to the greenhouse effect.

  • Nitrogen oxides: Burning at high temperatures can cause reactions between atmospheric nitrogen and oxygen, forming nitrogen oxides. NOx contributes to smog and acid rain.

  • Volatile organic compounds: Burning phenol-formaldehyde resins can emit volatile organic compounds, which are harmful to health and contribute to the formation of smog.

  • Particulate matter: Burning laminated boards can generate solid particles, which are harmful to health and cause air pollution.


Circular cycle in nuwa

Sustainable Design: Furniture is designed to be durable, easy to repair, and have a long usable life.

Resource Extraction: Sourcing sustainable or recycled materials to be used in furniture production.

Manufacturing: Transforming sustainable resources into long-lasting furniture using recycling-friendly techniques and materials.

Distribution: Transporting and distributing sustainable furniture to customers.

Usage: Customers using the furniture for an extended and durable lifespan.

Repair and Upcycling: Furniture is repaired, upgraded, or refurbished if needed to extend its usability.

Recycling and Processing: After use, furniture is disassembled into components, and materials are recycled or processed for use in producing new furniture or other products.


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